1-Oleoyl lysophosphatidic acid is a species of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) containing oleic acid at the sn-1 position. Phosphatidic acid is produced either directly through the action of phospholipase D (PLD) or through a two step process involving liberation of diacylglycerol (DAG) by phospholipase C (PLC) followed by phosphorylation of DAG by diglycerol kinase.{2656} Hydrolysis of the fatty acid at the sn-2 position by phospholipase A2 (PLA2) yields bioactive LPA. LPA binds to one of five different G protein linked receptors to mediate a variety of biological responses including cell proliferation, smooth muscle contraction, platelet aggregation, neurite retraction, and cell motility.{13001,2656} 1-Oleoyl lysophosphatidic acid is the most potent of the LPA analogs for calcium mobilization in A431 cells and for growth stimulation of a variety of cell lines.{2665,2666}
25 mg
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Cayman Chemical
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